Friday, May 20, 2011
WHIDBEY ISLAND, WA is an excellent LOW PLASTICITY SEDIMENTARY REGIME for MEASUREMENT of EARTH TIDES and MILANKOVITCH CYCLES through TIME
ENLARGING A DIGITAL PHOTO REQUIRES ONLY THAT YOU CLICK ON THE CENTER OF THE PHOTO.
THE PRECESSION OF THE EQUINOX (MALINKOVITCH'S 21.5- 24.5 K.Y. SMALLEST CALCULATED CYCLE) ABOVE, WILL BE SHOWN TO CREATE VISIBLE CURVILINEAR FRACTURE SYSTEMS IN ROCK OUTCROPS. THE EARTH'S CRUST IS FURTHER RE-ARRANGED AND EXTRUDED BY VULCANISM OR BY RISING SALT DOMES DURING THE 100 K.Y. ELLIPTICAL CYCLE (IN BINARY PAIRS, BY GRAVITATIONAL ADJUSTMENTS OF THE LARGE PLANETS AS THEY ARE ALIGNED, CYCLICALLY, THROUGH GEOLOGIC TIME); THE ARRANGEMENT IS SHOWN BELOW, AND WILL BE SHOWN TO CREATE VULCANISM ON EARTH WHENEVER THE SIGNIFICANT PLANETS ARE IN ALIGNMENT (INCREASING GRAVITATIONAL ATTRACTION WITH THE EARTH) OR DISTURBED BY THEIR "OWN" ASTEROID STRIKES:
The gravitational equilibrium and adjustments between the various planets, the Moon, and the Sun has a noticeable influence on RECENT movement of outcrops, as seen in curvilinear fracture PATTERNS or with THRUST FAULTS. This is seen in both hard and soft rocks, and there is a definite difference in the views presented by low viscosity sedimentary, compared to high shear strength outcrops. First, the fracture lines and thrusts represent small lateral movements along vertical planes, and this is easily seen in the following digital photograph. NOTE: IF YOU ARE MAINLY WATCHING FOR VERTICAL DISPLACEMENT, YOU WILL NOT FIND THE LATERAL MOVEMENTS- THEY CAN ONLY BE FOUND FROM SLICKENSIDES, LATERAL CRACKING OF CONCRETE SLABS, OR BY FINDING ARCUATE SHEAR LINES ON GOOGLE EARTH:
Notice that there are three time intervals presented above:
1. Original Mesozoic outcrops were deposited in a SINK, which represents roughly 20 cm. of thickness, for each stratum or layer (bed, in geologic terminology) in 20/20 mm/year= 10 years passage of real time. This calculation assumes that the deposition- which is controlled by the rate of sinking-IS THE SAME AS NOW, and it is now measured at a rate of 20 mm/year, maximum. However, previously (before the Quaternary) the rates were not necessarily similar to that occurring now, because of the disparity of MILANKOVITCH CYCLES after shocking by earlier ASTEROID STRIKES);
2. Since the last significant asteroid strike-Eltanin- occurring at 2.15 m.y., the presentation of elliptical rotations has become more dominant, producing much more basaltic extrusion. This effect portrays another time interval- the Quaternary;
3. The third time sequence is that of lateral shear, lateral rotation, and either late sinking or uplifting. These are evident in the above photo, by noting the lateral shifts which produce the parallel movements (fractures). These occurred after the asteroid strike; and,
4. Elliptical cycles dominate the smaller rotations of the AXIAL (40k.y.) and PRECESSIONAL cycles of the EARTH (21.5-24.5 k.y.) and produce extrusions in a basin, valley, or sink. This is known as vulcanism (or salt dome or other intrusion rise), and it occurs in pairs of craters at opposite ends of the elliptical feature, which are seen as arcuate shear lines in outcrops. See Below:
BELOW, I HAVE SMOOTHED THE IRREGULARITY OF LATER FLOWS OF BASALT (FROM SULLIVAN, WHICH FLOWED MUCH LATER THAN IVIN), SO THAT YOU CAN SEE THE DEPENDANCY OF SULLIVAN KNOLL UPON THE 1 M.Y. IVIN CRATER. THESE FLOWS NEAR THE ACTIVELY-MOVING HURRICANE FAULT ARE IMPINGED BY MANY SMALLER CYCLES OF ROTATION, AND ADD MANY POSSIBILITIES FOR MEASUREMENTS HELPFUL TO STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY.
COMPARE THE "HARD ROCK" ENVIRONMENT WITH THAT OF VERY SOFT SEDIMENTS (PRE-STONE) FOUND IN THE GLACIAL TILL AND RECENT RIVER DEPOSITS ON WHIDBEY ISLAND. THESE WERE INITIATED MOST RECENTLY FOR THE LATEST WARMING CYCLE, AS GRAVELS, SANDSTONE, SILTSTONE, PEAT, AND TILL, AND CAN BE BROKEN BETWEEN THUMB AND FINGERS. THEY NEVERTHELESS CAN HAVE HIGH STRENGTH (WORK-HARDENING) BY INCREASED COMPRESSIVE STRESS, AND THEY FORM FORE-RUNNERS TO SLICKENSIDES BY MEANS OF HIGH SHEAR STRESS FROM LATERAL ROTATION AND SHEAR:
CROCKETT LAKE AND ADMIRALTY SINK AND LATER REBOUND CAN BE MEASURED FOR TIME OF FORMATION AND FOR AGE OF REBOUND FROM THE "ICE AGE"
HERE IS THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS, INTERPRETED FROM AN ANALYSIS OF THE CROCKETT LAKE-KEYSTONE HILL MOVEMENTS:
A. A FRESH WATER LAKE FORMED INSIDE AN ELLIPTICAL CONFIGURATION AFTER THE ORIGINAL 1 M.Y. DIVERSION OF THE EARTH FROM ITS USUAL REVOLUTION AROUND THE SUN. THIS LAKE IS INDICATED BY FRESHWATER ORGANIC REMAINS, SUCH AS PEAT, WHICH ARE FOUND IN THE SUBSURFACE AND IN SURROUNDING UPLIFT OF OLDER PRE-STONE;
B. SHEAR AND CIRCULAR ARRANGEMENTS EARLIER THAN 1 M.Y. ARE FAINT AND ARE PROBABLY MUCH RE-WORKED BY THE MANY LATER EVENTS (SUCH AS AXIAL AND PRECESSIONAL CYCLES). SUBSEQUENT TO 1 M.Y. THE LAKE ROSE WITH REBOUND ON THE NORTH SIDE AND IS STILL RISING. THE SOUTH SIDE REMANS NEUTRAL, BUT KEYSTONE HILL IS RISING AND CREATES A LIP ON THE SIDE NEXT TO THE BEACH HOUSES. THESE DWELLINGS WILL BE PROTECTED SOMEWHAT FROM STORMS, SINCE THEY ARE RISING ON THE ORDER OF 1/10 TO 1 MM/YEAR NOW;
C. KEYSTONE HILL IS YOUNGER AND DEVELOPING FROM LATER AND SMALLER CYCLES; AND,
D. SOME INDICATION OF WARM SEEPS MAY BE FOUND NEAR THE PERIPHERY OF THE UPLIFT, AND I WILL MEASURE THESE WITH A PORTABLE THERMOMETER AND CONDUCTIVITY METER (THEY SHOULD BE ANOMALOUSLY HIGH IN TDS, SULFIDES, AND IRON).
closer views show the cyclic rotations of the BEACH FAULT AT LEDGEWOOD, WHICH CROSSES ADMIRALTY BAY AND FORMS A CENTERLINE ALONG WHICH THE VARIOUS CELL ROTATE (CW FOR SINKING, CCW FOR RISING LAND):
AN APPRAISAL OF THE ACCURACY OF MY WORK MAY BE MADE FROM THE ABOVE PHOTO- WHICH HAS A COMPLETED ELLIPTICAL CYCLE FROM A PREVIOUS PLANETARY INFLUENCE. MILANKOVITCH CALCULATED THAT THE PERIOD OF THE MOVEMENT OF THE EARTH INTO AN ELLIPTICAL ORBIT (INFLUENCED BY UNUSUAL GRAVITATIONAL ATTRACTION OF THE ALIGNED LARGER PLANETS) WAS 100 K.Y. AND HERE YOU SEE THAT MY ROUGH ENCIRCLING OF THE FAINT SEA BOTTOM TRACE YIELDS A COMPLETED PERIOD OF 90 K.Y. THIS IS AN INDICATION OF ABOUT 10% ERROR. SHOULD GEOLOGICAL RESEARCHERS OBJECT TO THAT, I REMIND THEM THAT THEY CANNOT PREDICT ANYTHING WITH AN ERROR LESS!
Honeymoon Bay and Lake cyclic movements
Incorporating local features I have observed near the Honeymoon Lake development, I present two views from Google Earth. Below is the larger view, which shows that there are two elliptical sinks surrounding the Lake. This is a sink, after all, and the CW rotation is to be expected, and the sinks develop within an ellipse- predicted by Milankovitch. A new feature shown here is that the ellipse has moved westward with time, and the separation is made while the precessional cycle (EQUINOX CHANGE OVER 21.5 TO 24.5 k. Years) develops. This is unexpected, since usually both AXIAL and PRECESSIONAL cycles may develop across the elliptical boundary. There may be value to a classification such as the following:
a. Ellipses are usually sinks, but the return from the far-out distance of the EARTH to its usual circular revolution about the sun may yield a rise;
b. Shrinking ellipse configurations, as is shown above, may indicate the return of earth to a normal circular pattern. When this is accompanied by a pattern (separating the two ellipses), this should provide an age-dating method for the 25 k.y. cycle- when it is normally in error by as much as 25%;
c. Enlargement of the elliptical trace with time, westward, should indicate an approach to the largest separation of the earth from the sun; the reverse should also be true;
d. The enveloped precessional cycle performs the task of allowing two adjacent CW cycles to rotate harmoniously, with NO heat generation. I believe that 2 ellipses must be separated in time, so that there should be no conflict; one ellipses wears away, while the new one takes precedence; and,
e. It should be normal to find that AXIAL and PRECESSIONAL cycles exist on the edge of an ELLIPTICAL TRACE. This allows a determination that when there is a centerline (which is formed by the edge of the superior-in-date ellipse), a lateral thrust exists (without an accompanying asteroid strike- which I supposed would create the thrust).
Notice that we now have clarification for the formation of a precessional cycle, which is dependant upon the previous formation of a SUPERIOR elliptical cycle. How do we know that this intermediate rotation is a precessional, rather than an axial cycle? The answer is shown by the time of formation- in this case of 24 k.y. rather than 41 (or 40) k.y. for the time to develop the shear circle. This whole entity shows that the time may be calculated from the subtraction of one elliptical development time from the older time: 71.3 - 47 k.y. The interplay of at least 3 Milankovitch cycles yields information which must be treated with rules developed by many case histories. Additionally, I have found many smaller cycles or wobbles of the EARTH: from 5000 years to at least 1 m.y. and I suspect that there is a 2 m.y. wobble resulting from the 2.15 m.y. Eltanin strike. Previously to this strike, there probably were other older strikes which determined the previous wobbles of the poles (which become fainter with time, due to erosion and a “wiping out“ of dormant shear fractures and lateral faulting). It is interesting that researchers using ICE CORES have found that there was a Dominance of 40 k. cycles in the ice before the 1 m.y. time, and dominance of 100 k.y. cycles thereafter. There is a search for 1 and 2 m.y. cycles, and I believe from the general trend of shear circles found in sedimentary rocks, that there may be preserved shear and curvilinear features as far back in time as the Miocene. Stay Tuned!:
MY SURROUNDINGS ON WHIDBEY ISLAND HAVE SEVERAL FEATURES WHICH MAY BE VIEWED:
a. KNOWN MOVEMENTS, SUCH AS SEEPS, CRACKS IN PAVEMENT, BUCKLES IN CONCRETE, AND BREAKAGE OF WATER PIPES- MAY BE INCORPORATED;
B. RATE OF CHANGE OF MILANKOVITCH CYCLES MAY BE MEASURED, SO THAT FUTURE QUAKES, SPRINGS, SPALLING OF CLIFFS, AND DISRUPTION OF ARTIFICIAL FEATURES MAY BE CORRELATED; AND,
c. DATING, OR AGE MEASUREMENT, OF CYCLES MAY BE MADE, SO THAT ON-GOING ROTATIONS MAY BE VIEWED FOR THIS YOUNG ISLAND (TILL AND SEDIMENTS ARE MOSTLY FROM THE ICE AGE).
ON TO ALASKA AND ITS POLAR WOBBLES PORTRAIT!
LET'S COMPARE THE YOUNG MOVEMENTS, SHEAR, AND ROTATIONS AT WHIDBEY ISLAND WITH THAT WHICH HAS BEEN ANALYZED FOR THE ALEUTIAN SPIRAL- WHICH IS ADJACENT TO THE ALEUTIANS ISLAND, ON THE NORTH SIDE: NOTICE THAT THERE ARE BOTH OLDER (SUBSEQUENT TO THE KT STRIKE OF 65 M.Y.) AND YOUNGER ROTATIONS OF THE PACIFIC BASIN IN BOTH SHALLOW AND DEEP WATERS. AGE IS PROPORTIONAL TO THE DIAMETER OF THE CIRCLE, WHETHER A COMPLETE CIRCLE (PAST ORBIT OF THE EARTH) OR A PARTIAL ARC (ONGOING SHEAR DUE TO AN INCOMPLETE AXIAL, ELLIPTICAL, OR PRECESSIONAL CYCLE). I ASSUME THAT THIS IS DUE TO SPIRALING, WHETHER SINKING OR RISING (IN THE CASE OF A CCW ROTATION, AS THAT FOR THE WESTERN ARC AFTER 40 M.Y.). ALL OF THIS OCCURRED SUBSEQUENT TO THE KT STRIKE, WHICH IS IMPRINTED ON THE LINEAR PORTION TO THE WEST- EXITING GOVENA PENINSULA, SIBERIA:
THE FOLLOWING SEQUENCE OCCURS:
a. SUBSEQUENT TO THE KT STRIKE OF 65 M.Y. THE POLE HAD A SIGNIFICANT WOBBLE (DIFFERENT THAN PREVIOUSLY). THIS STARTED THE CCW ROTATION OF THE SPIRAL, CHANGING FROM A N-S ORIENTATION OF GOVENA RIDGE TO A ROTATION CCW TO THE EAST (RISE);
b. AT THE TIME OF 40 M.Y. (SAME AS THE AGE OF KIMMEI SEAMOUNT AND START OF THE BULGE AT MENDOCINO, CA) AN INFLECTION OCCURRED. THIS WAS PROBABLY DUE TO ANOTHER ASTEROID STRIKE, AND I AM SEARCHING FOR IT. THE AGE OF KIMMEI IS 41 M.Y., MENDOCINO SHEAR OCCURS BETWEEN 40 AND 41 DEGREES LATITUDE, AXIAL WOBBLES REQUIRE 40 K.Y., AND 40 IS IN THE BINARY SERIES OF 10 20, 40, 80 K.Y. WITHIN WHICH I HAVE FOUND MANY MULTIPLES OF AGE-RELATED SHEAR CYCLES;
c. THE MIOCENE INFLECTION AT EITHER 16 OR 18 M.Y. IS IN THE BINARY SERIES 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, AND 256 M.Y., WHICH APPROXIMATELY DISPLAYS THE VARIOUS EXTINCTIONS OF MIOCENE, EOCENE BOUNDARY (32-34) KT (65), PTr (251 m.y.);
d. THE ICE AGE AT 2 M.Y. (2.15 ELTANIN) COMMENCES AT THE JUNCTION OF THE SPIRAL AND THE ALEUTIANS. ALL THESE FIT MY FINDINGS THAT THE VARIOUS CHANGES OF POLAR WOBBLES ARE SHOWN.
INCORPORATING THE GLACIAL EXCURSION, KNOWN AS PENN COVE, WE FIND AN ADDED MYSTERY- THAT OF A RADICAL CHANGE OF EARTH TIDE INDICATIONS. THE N-S GRIDS ARE 1 KM (EXACTLY), AND THE E-W GRIDS ARE SOMEWHAT LARGER- 2.7KM. AT FIRST I THOUGHT THAT THIS WAS DUE TO THE MECHANISM OF PHOTOGRAPHING THE ISLAND FROM HIGH ALTITUDE, BUT UPON ANALYSIS OF THE ROTATIOS WITHIN THE GRIDS, I FIND THAT THIS RESULTS FROM AN EXCURSION OF THE ICE FROM THE NORTH, WITH SEPARATIONS EACH 2.7 KILOMETERS. THIS HAS BEEN SHOWN ON LIDAR MAPS, AND THOUGHT TO BE THE RESULT OF ICE MOVING DIRECTLY SOUTH FROM CANADA. HOWEVER, UPON REFLECTION ABOUT THE N250W MOVEMENT AT PENN COVE, I REALIZE THAT THERE IS ANOTHER FACET TO ALL THIS.
ANOTHER WAY TO LOOK AND MAKE AN ANALYSIS OF THE SHEAR AND ROTATION OF METASEDIMENTS, OUT-OF-PLACE IN QUATERNARY TILL, MAY BE MADE WITH AN OBLIQUE VIEW (NORTH IS TO THE LEFT, BELOW). THERE ARE SEVERAL CONFLICTING SHEAR CIRCLES, AND THESE ARE RELATED TO MALINKOVITCH CYCLES' HARMONICS. FORM YOUR OWN OPINION, NOW THAT YOU UNDERSTAND THE POLAR WOBBLE AND PRECESSION OF THE EQUINOX INFLUENCE ON ROTATIONS WITHIN THE EARTH"S CRUST: