This rendition is a modification of the original assessment- which is shown at the end of the text, with photos. Since finding the original PVM rotation and fix of Earth features, with concomitant development of vulcanism and left lateral faulting (from slickensides and cracked artificial features), I have added the new finding of tidal west shift and reduction of this movement with CHATTER (polar wobble, as mass is shifted with thrust faulting and REBOUND).
The photo above, analyzed for the age and movement of ARCS, shows that PVM is encircled by an ellipse, with enclosed MOUNDS and hills around the edges. Whenever this arrangement occurs on GOOGLE EARTH, there simultaneously occur thrusting, lateral shift, development of a basin with terraces, and vertically-rising hills. These features so far are universal, having been located around the globe (not confined to this QUADRANSPHERE). They relate to a periodic instability, which occurs in the BINARY SERIES: ¼, ½, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256 million years. This remains in a theorem, which I intend to solve: extinctions, angular shifts of the crust, and major hiatuses in the geologic record all occur there.
Notes on the DYNAMICS of the PVM, in relation to previous movements measured by EARTH TIDES analyses:
1. We have previously found that the volcanoes near the Virgin River and the Hurricane Fault, Hf are staggered and separated by 20km: Crater Hill, Hf, and the incipient hot springs at WA City (the “Boiler”) fit this normal separation. This pertains to the border of the great B&R lateral fault occurring along I-15 from Cedar City to St. George and to the bordering CW rotation of the Grass Valley cell (including Sullivan Knoll, Sand Hollow and Mountain, and the Zion Spiral). Hf represents a discontinuity- where the CCW Colorado Plateau, CP rotation conflicts with the CW rotation of the Grass Valley cell- producing Pah Tempe hot springs, the down-ramp of the Laverkin hiway 9 shearing zone, and several volcanoes. We have to reconcile the STAGGERed reduced tides on the north side (including PVM)- which is near 7mm/yr/ and the normal 20mm/yr separation on the south side of the Virgin River.
2. The fulcrum of the 8m.y. rotation associated with PVM is located at the Sand Hollow zone, and this might indicate the error of the process of finding the central point. The errors might easily account for these few miles displacement to the south of the Virgin River (where I expect the fulcrum to occur, so that the reduced tides on the north side will not nullify my previous findings for the south side).
3. An elliptical arrangement of PVM inside the Littlefield to Cedar City to the Virgin River indicates that there is both CHATTER (reduced westward earth tides, due to lateral transfer of crust- indicated by hills or mounds around the periphery of PVM)
THE MOUNDS I HAVE FOUND FROM 10 CASES STUDIED ARE INFLUENCED BY THE FORMATION OF ADJACENT AXIAL (40K.Y. OR THEIR HARMONICS) AND PRECESSIONAL (21.5-25.5 K.Y. TILTED CIRCLES). THESE COMBINE, AND CANNOT BE SEPARATED, TO FORM AN ELLIPSE WHICH IS SHAPED ACCORDING TO THE COMBINATION. THIS IS SHOWN IN THE ABOVE DIGITAL PHOTO OF MOUNDS SURROUNDING THE PINE VALLEY LACCOLITH-INTRUSION.
and creation of lateral slickensides. The accuracy of the EARTH TIDES 20mm/yr measurement requires that there be NO CHATTER on the SOUTH SIDE of the Virgin river. All this is possible should there be discontinuity at the Virgin river, and this is all possible if the river represents a zone of shear along the entire contact of the PVM ellipse and the Grass Valley cell to the south. So far, the location of many extrusions along this boundary agrees that this conflict has produced HEAT, sufficiently to extrude small basaltic cones. There are three in the Town of hurricane: Red Ash, Radio Tower, and Sullivan Knoll; others nearby include Silver Reef on the north side and many near Hf on the south side. Pah Tempe is still generating heat- indicating that brittle friction and conflict are occurring.
4. Radio-dating by geologists indicates that PVM extrusions are 22m.y. in age; my measurements and calculations indicate much less- 5 to 8m.y. for the largest encirclement of the ellipse about PVM, and,
5. Sand Hollow and Mountain are rotating in response to the older CP movement (32m.y. by arcuate analysis), and are not generating heat by the few springs I have found. However, they have created a spiraling SINKHOLE, of about a meter diameter, and have tilted and folded the sediments on the south side (indicating influence of the 2 m.y. ELTANIN strike, which has diverted the Virgin River to the NW near the St. George dam).
Now look at the positioning of the Mesozoic, below and shearing against the Paleozoic, at the south border of Valley of Fire Park.
Now look at the confluence of the Virgin and Muddy Rivers, and the intersecion of the shear zone from the east and the location of a circular dike inside a cell of rotation:
Notice the Paleozoic, Pz, forming a large scarp above the valley containing the Overton Arm and its Tertiary sandstones.
D. From north to south within CP, there is E-W portrayal of the Uinta Mountains in the north and the NW-SE oriented Mogollon Rim in the south, while for B&R there is the Mogollon-orthogonal NE-SW Pine Valley Mountains and great N-S oriented grabens and block faults; and,
E. Temperature gradients, as shown in well maximum temperatures, are greater than 1.5 degrees/hundred feet for CP, and near 1.0 d/hft for B&R.
In addition, there are many geothermal anomalies in CP, with few in B&R. This accentuates the rising of CP (thermal expansion), with relative sinking of B&R.
In addition, the density of Paleozoic rocks (mainly limestones, with 2.71 gm/cc) in B&R is greater than for the silicates of CP (2.65 gm/cc for ambient temperature).
We will look at each of these factors, using the new tool of Coriolis rotation, which shows the region broken down for rotation direction and position of anomalies:
The above photo is for a fifteen mile diameter feature centered about the Grass Valley extrusion, where a graben exists at the edge of Laverkin and a monocline exists at the AZ border (named Honeymoon Canyon, by me). Crust has a thickness of 40 km east of Hf, while the thickness decreases to as little as 25 km in the transition zone before reaching Beaver Dam Mountains in the B&R. Rotation is CW, as indicated by slickensides and wrenched concrete slabs. Looking north at the Grass Valley extrusion
Compare the Hurricane anomaly to that occurring at Overton Arm- where the Muddy and Virgin Rivers junction. This is in the Nevada B&R, and the sharpness of cliffs on one side indicate that the rotation is CCW. In this case, there is not vulcanism or uplift, but extension and downdrop (extensive sedimentation and widening of valleys). Again, the reverse, both vertically and horizontally, occurs for the two entities.
The location and orientation of PVM is again illustrative: it orients NE-SW, while rotating CW (as indicated by a graben-type valley on the SE side (where farms take advantage of the flat land). A broad view shows that diagonally to the NW, there occur sinks near the Oregon border. This is diametrically-opposed to the location and rotation of the Mogollon Rim (NW-
SE, and on the edge of CP).
Photo above shows how the rotation of PVM is intermeshed with Hf- which moves oppositely.
Solution to the problem of counter-rotation of cells
It was noticed that the volcanic circular cells rotating around the Grass Valley and Hackberry volcanic cones were reverse to the larger one of CP rotating CCW by Coriolis force. Since the normal rotation of all objects in the northern hemisphere is CCW for rising objects (such as low pressure storms), it is correct that CP is rotating CCW- to the right as it rises. However, the initial discovery cell rotation about the Grass Valley cones was CW. There is no doubt that this is the correct rotation, since slickensides were found which showed that the movement was horizontal, and a compression feature (monocline) was found on the south side of the rotation, indicating force from the east. Both of these features confirm that the rotation was CW, and further confirmation was noted for a graben forming on the north side- showing that there was extension to the north there. However, the puzzle remained- how did these cells show reverse behavior? The answer is now apparent: the small cell reacts, similarly to two gears which are intermeshed- the larger cell determines the rotation of the other. The CP is moving both the Grass Valley and Hackberry cells like two gears meshed together (the larger rotating the other).
This conclusion was made by analyzing the relation of the Overton cell, spiraling around the change of angle (triple conjunction) found at the Overton Arm and conjunction of Muddy and Virgin rivers.
These were all influenced by two regional thrust faults circling around the state of Nevada, particularly noted at the Valley of Fire Park. The Paleozoic scarp is moving eastward, relative to the Mesozoic rocks moving westward there. Between these two great movements there are several circular cells rotating CCW. The rotation direction is determined by the drag of the two great contravening thrusts- which rotates the rocks caught between the greater movements. It is now seen that one must be careful about determining direction of rotation, because the larger entity will dominate the smaller, and the rotation of the small cell will be opposite to that of the larger. The larger one must be determined first, and it appears that both CP and B&R are of similar magnitude and essentially equal to each other- but opposite in physical dynamics.
Iron Mountain Extrusives and Intrusives in Iron County, UT
Iron County is immediately north of Washington County in SW Utah. These Ti and other igneous rocks are associated in time with the Pine Valley Mountains- a NE-SW oriented range, which lie at the SW edge of the B&R province. This part of the B&R is rotating CW along the Wasatch and Hurricane faults, until Anderson Junction at the I-15 Freeway. From there to the SW, the two faults diverge and vulcanism ensues at the divergence and further south at Leeds crater and vents along the Virgin River. All of these igneous rocks can be expected to be related to EXTENSION OF THE CRUST, WHICH OCCURS WHERE SHEARING AND HEATING OF THE ROCKS RESULTS FROM ROTATION OF THIS SE CORNER OF THE BASIN AND RANGE.
Show location map and topo in F
THE FOLLOWING STRATIGRAPHIC COLUMN NOMENCLATURE IS TAKEN FROM USGS REPORTS, FOR THE CEDAR CITY AREA:
Ta Andesite lava flows—Moderately resistant, red and brown, mostly crystal-poor andesitic lava flow, flow breccia, and mudflow breccia erupted from widely scattered stratovolcanoes or other local vents over a poorly known time span of 24(?) to about 21 Ma; occurs at several stratigraphic positions in this age range, including (1) thin lava flows that underlie gravity slides (Tgb) shed north from Tis and now located south (Hacker, 1998) of Iron Mountain, and mudflows that overlie Tgb shed east from Tii and now located east of Iron Mountain; (2) the andesite of Maple Ridge (Blank, 1959, 1993), which underlies Tr and contains abundant large phenocrysts of plagioclase, pyroxene, and biotite; (3) an andesitic volcanic mudflow breccia within the Tqc and also between Tqh and Tqc in the Antelope Range (Shubat and Siders, 1988) that thickens southward in the Enterprise area, where it is called the andesite of Little Creek (Blank, 1993); and (4) the andesite of Enterprise in the north Bull Valley Mountains, north of Shoal Creek, that has a K-Ar age of 24.2 Ma (Siders, 1985a, b, 1991) but apparently locally correlates with the andesite of Shoal Creek in the northeast Bull Valley Mountains that is demonstrably younger because it is underlain by Tre (with K-Ar ages of 21.8 to 21.5 Ma; see Blank, 1993) and also because apparently correlative hornblende andesite lava flows in the northwest part of the mapped area appear to both underlie and overlie Tqc (Best, 1987); maximum thickness of individual sequences about 1,600 feet (500 m).
Trdo Old rhyolite and dacite lava flows—Mostly resistant, generally gray, red, brown, and tan, locally thick, largely crystal-poor low-silica rhyolite and crystal-rich dacite volcanic domes and lava flows erupted from different vents about 22 to 20 Ma; includes the rhyolite flow member of the Blawn Formation in the northwest part of the map area (20.9 to 19.7 Ma; Best, 1987), the dacite of Spanish George Spring in the northwest part of the mapped area (Best, 1987), and the lithologically similar and thus perhaps correlative dacite of Pinon Park Wash in the north Bull Valley Mountains (21.7 Ma; Siders, 1985a, 1991); thickness of individual units as much as 1,600 feet (500 m).
Scenario to be checked in the field, entirely from theoretical considerations, considering Mantle Drag of the Crustal base and Coriolis rotation along the Wasatch line. The Wasatch- Hurricane fault is a lateral and normal fault proceeding with Hf to the south, which creates the extension of the province- beginning after the deposition of the inland lakes containing the Paleocene to Eocene Claron formation:
1. At the termination of the compressive regime of the Laramide activity, the area now known as the SW Colorado Plateau, CP, was a land-locked area featuring many lakes or basins (Uinta, Piceance, etc, which were recipients of exotic sediments- that did not drain to the sea);
2. Due to the Sierras moving westward under the influence of tidal drag, the region from the mountains to the Rockies became under extension- creating valleys about a million years apart, and basins which separated N-S ranges in Utah and Nevada;
3. These valleys terminated at the northern boundary of the Equatorial Bulge, EB, (40N or higher in latitude) and created rhyolitic extrusions at the head of each valley- mainly in Idaho, but starting at the border of ID, NV, and UT;
4. Consequently, all west of the Wasatch Line until reaching the Sierras was under extension, including the part of Utah now occupied by the Pine Valley Mountains, PVM, and Iron Mountain;
5. Coriolis rotation created a circular movement from the Wasatch Line, turning SW-ward at the SE edge of the PVM. The great extension and subsequent fracturing initiated extrusion of Iron Mountain (prior to PVM). The age of the earliest is about 24 m.y. with PVM intruding at about 21 m.y; Iron Mt. is more rhyolitic, while PVM is an extrusion on the south with some basalt on the north;
6. This divergence from Hf (which continued south-ward) created extra extension, allowing massive basalt flows, such as Black Ridge and vents near Leeds and Anderson Junction. This turning point can be seen at I-15, as the freeway makes a gradual turn to the SW (as does the lateral fault);
7. Subsequent to the intrusion of PVM, a basin was created on its south, all the way from Zion to the Beaver Dam Mountains BDM. This is now the St. George basin, which has been subdivided by the Hurricane fault at its centerline; Even with this uplift of the CP to the east, the general drainage is westward all the way to the scarp of BDM. The only outlet is the Virgin Gorge, created by a Coriolis shear in the large sink‘s monocline to the west (BDM);
8. With uplift of CP and magnified by Hf, the rise has created additional shift westward of the Zion highlands and Hf, resulting in a scarp which remains vertical from the rotation of the scarp vertically (eastward at its base, westward at the ground surface);
9. Due to the rise of the Zion highlands and expanding its diameter with time, the CP at its westward border is moving westward and rising simultaneously. This results in unusual erosion- dumping sediments in the Muddy Formation from the BDM and the Zion highlands to create great thicknesses of this late Tertiary sandstone;
10. There is a resultant tilt down to the west of the St. George basin, with differences of elevation from 6000 down to 2000 feet near Littlefield, AZ (4000/50 miles, or about 2% grade);
11. The basin from Zion to BDM is a circular sink, and it is punctuated by uplifts- such as Sand Mountain, volcanoes, and remnants of the sedimentary column (Gooseberry Mountain and Hurricane Mesa);
12. The Virgin River is the lowest elevation of all in this basin, and the sedimentary column now tilts toward the river from both the north and south- yielding slightly dipping beds on the south side and more obvious dipping on the north. This hinge creates fractures running E-W, orthogonally to Hf, and fissures which parallel the stresses N-S. Ones I have found have a ratio of 2:1 indicating that movement of Hf westward is twice CP rotation on the east side and 1:2 on the west side;
13. Vulcanism accompanies the westward movement of CP, with the older on the east side of Hf, and the youngest on the west side; and,
14. The volcanoes may date the various progressions, because they accompany the circular shear shown on Google maps. These shear circles become larger in diameter as the CP moves westward. Crater Hill has been dated at 320k years, with the Firepit and Spendlove craters further north and west along the Kolob road at 220k and 310k (younger than Crater Hill). According to these measurements, the west shear circle is younger than the smaller- closer (to Zion Park) being older.
/ABOVE AND BELOW ARE ANALYSES MADE FROM THE CIRCULAR CONFIGURATIONS OF OBVIOUS ARCS NEAR THE PINE VALLEY MOUNTAINS. THESE REPRESENT ROTATIONS CREATED BY MOVEMENT OF HIGHER ELEVATION CRUSTAL PORTIONS; THEY RESPOND TO GRAVITATIONAL RE-ARRANGEMENT FROM ATTRACTION OF PLANETS AND THE MOON IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM. WHENEVER SEVERAL PLANETS ARE IN 2D ALIGNMNET, THE ATTRACTION IS SUCH AS TO ENLARGE THE EARTH'S DIAMETER, CAUSE GRABENS TO DROP, AND TO FORCE THE INTERIOR OF THE BASINS TO EXTRUDE MOUNDS, HILLS, MOUNTAINS, AND IF SUFFICIENTLY DEEP, EXTRUDE THE MANTLE AND VULCANISM FROM THE BASE OF THE CRUST:
The DOMES SHOWN IN THE ABOVE GOOGLE EARTH ANALYSIS (PARTIAL CIRCLES-ARCS) ARE MILANKOVITCH ROTATIONS OF VARIOUS AGES. THEY MAY BE MEASURED WITH THE MEASUREMENT TOOL, TO OBTAIN WHICH- AXIAL, PRECESSIONAL, OR ELLIPTICAL (25K TO 100K.YEAR AND THEIR HARMONICS) TO DETERMINE THE AGE OF INITIATION OF SHEAR:
I HAVE FOUND THE FULCRUM OF THE GREAT ROTATION OF THE PVM, SURROUNDED BY THE LITTLEFIELD CREEK AND PVM DRAINAGE INTO THE VIRGIN RIVER. IT IS CENTERED IN THE SAND HOLLOW AREA- WHICH IS A SINK WHICH HAS HAD ITS EAST SIDE SHEARED (BASALT CLIFFS OF THE SULLIVAN KNOLL) AND HAS FORMED A VERTICAL SINK OR HOLE INTO WHICH ONE CAN ENTER, BUT NOT ESCAPE WITHOUT LADDERS: