Thursday, February 21, 2013

Whidbey Island, WA DOUBLE BLUFF is a PROTRUSION into Puget Sound, exhibiting a POLYGONAL SET of LINEARS, of at least 8 sides, wit AGE of 125,000 years or more:

DOUBLE BLUFF, WHIDBEY ISLAND, WA is shown below to illustrate the method of CALCULATING ROTATIONAL MOVEMENTS and TIME INTERVALS for EARTH TIDAL movements. The ERRORS DEPEND UPON CAREFUL DELINEATION and MEASUREMENT, as well as PROPER SELECTION of CRUSTAL QUADRANTS- which determine 10.24, 20.48, up to 30.72 mm/year TIDAL MOVEMENT RATES (and some that may exhibit magnitudes between the extremes):

How to CHECK CALCULATIONS for ARCS and TIME INTERVALS (= ARC distance x 360/arc angle/pi {= circular DIAMETER}/tidal movement rate):
Below is an example of INTERPRETION of GOOGLE EARTH DATA (for DOUBLE BLUFF near Freeland, WA), where the appropriate divisor (10.24, 20.48, or 30.72) is uncertain; the correct one can be found by TRIAL and ERROR. First, guess at the QUADRANT, determined by a glance at the corner of the island or block of CRUST- where the arc to be used is located near the intersection of 2 quadrants (E at 10.24, or SW at 30.72mm.yr?). Then, LOCATE the FULCRUM for the radius of the arc (the center of the circle subtended by the arc). When there are 2 arcs to be used, there will be 2 FULCRUMS; this allows the distance between the two to be measured with the Google distance tool. This distance divided by the TIME INTERVAL associated with the 2 arcs, allows a calculation of TIDAL MOVEMENT RATE: separation/time interval= TIDAL RATE. When this rate is unreasonable (140 mm/yr., for this case), then either the measurement or the calculated time interval is inaccurate. This case proved that the 10.24 tidal rate should have been used. Once confidence is obtained, other useful information can be found in the vicinity. I have improved, by TRIAL AND ERROR, the tidal rates- as shown in the following diagram (notice that the eastern hemisphere has been subdivided into six 30 degree arcs, so that you can use the sine 30d = 1/2 relation in your head). This was found to be generally true from cases such as the Gulf of Mexico:

(notice that there are 3 separate ARCS on the EAST CONTINENTAL SLOPE, in this 40-64 m.y. development. This has been found to be duplicated in volcanoes, SINKHOLES, and other "ROUND" features:

Resurgent DOMES are formed later, but they are subject to the same GRAVITATIONAL LATERAL INFLUENCE- such as Wizard Island;

CONCLUSIONS:
1.There is a LIDAR DIVIDER, which shows that DB exists due to COMPRESSIONAL UPLIFT, EXTRA COMPACTION, and interference between gravitational movements;
2.There is gradual change across the SW to SE border, such that the last TIDAL RATE is 14.5mm/yr.- about half way between 10.24 and 20.48mm/yr. (see ABOVE DIAGRAM as to how this RATE may be solved for a continuously-changing SINE FUNCTION) and,
3.The DB area has been active since the 2 m.y. AGE (ELTANIN EVENT), showing that the ICE AGE influenced the movements during that TIME INTERVAL. DB is a feature which exhibits quarter million year silts and peats (NON-GLACIAL), and these can be examined in the cliffs. Further, the tidal terrace should exhibit PRE-STONE as old as 2 m.y. Other interesting features include: soil liquefaction (compressional squeezing), peat fragments transported from older interstades (intervals between glaciations), and arcuate curvilinears in the tidal zone.

YOU MAY WANT TO KEEP THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN MIND, AS YOU READ this BLOG:
1. WHY DO THE ADJACENT LANDMASSES TO THE WEST AND SOUTH INDICATE DIFFERENT RULES FOR TIDAL MOVEMENTS, AS SHOWN BY CONVEX DIRECTIONS (NORTH FOR AUSTRALIA AND EASTWARD SHIFTS FOR ASIA)?
2. SINCE THE AUSTRALIA CONTINENT AND ASSOCIATED TONGA TRENCH, SOUTH PACIFIC VOLCANIC ZONE, AND THE FRAGMENTED ISLANDS INDICATE FASTER MOVEMENTS, THOUGH BEING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THE OLDER DYNAMICS (256 M.Y. EVENT), WHY ARE THEY AT VARIANCE WITH our HEMISPHERE?
3. IS THE PACIFIC BASIN BECOMING SMALLER, WITH THE VARIOUS CONVEX INDICATIONS? AND,
4.DOES THE MANTLE OR CORE OF THE EARTH HAVE ANY INFLUENCE ON WHAT IS SHOWN AT THE SURFACE of the EARTH (AS IS DRAMATICALLY PURSUED BY THOSE DERIVING AN INCOME FROM THIS TYPE OF RESEARCH)?

This is shown BARE, so that you can make your own APPRAISALS:

Other workers have measured the MOVEMENT DIRECTION of the EARTH'S CRUST (shown by vectors), and we should keep this GENERALIZED VERSION in mind as we solve the PARTICULARS. This global view does NOT ACCOUNT for local REVERSALS, or changes within a SMALL BLOCK of CRUST:

An UP-DATED VERSION FOLLOWS:

Although this OBLIQUE VIEW appears to be continuously-varying along an ARCUATE PATH, it is not- but consists of a set of LINEARS ANGLING AWAY from each other at MEASUREABLE ANGLES, in degrees of the COMPASS 360 DEGREE SPAN. These can be measured as close as 1/10th of a degree on the GOOGLE MEASUREMENT SCALE:

This view still appears ROUNDED, but if you hike the 1 mile trek, you see that it is more ANGULAR:

It has experienced CONSIDERABLE LIQUIFACTION and COMPRESSION-SQUEEZING, and recent activity confirms that it MOVES SW faster than EROSION can offset the shove. It PROTRUDES into the Puget sound, and advances to the southwest at nearly 1/3rd inch yearly.

The EQUATION (360-X)/X= INTEGER cannot be solved for I= 0, and the solutions for commonly-encountered POLYGONS are as follows:
I= 1, X= 180 degrees is a reference, since this relates to a REVERSAL;
I= 2, X= 120 degrees- portraying a 3-SIDED POLYGON (see Great Slave Lake below);
I= 3, X= 90 degrees, or the ORTHOGONAL FRACTURES perpendicular to bedding planes;
I= 4, X= 72 degrees- which is 10 times the 7.2 latitude TRANSFORM SPACING along the CA coastline;
!= 5, X= 60 degrees- yielding a HEXAGON, such as exists on OUTCROP SLOPES;
I= 6 does NOT YIELD even degrees of the COMPASS ROSE or of rotation;
I= 7, X= 45 degrees, yielding an OCTAGON. This should occur ATOP MESAS, see Checkerboard, Zion NP:
I= 8, X= 40 degrees, portrays a PENTAGON- which occurs on a slope ABOVE a 4-sided vertical OUTCROP;
I= 9, X= 36 degrees- 1/10th of a circle; this is so close to 40 degrees, that it may be difficult to ascertain;
I= 10 does not yield an even number of degrees slant;
I= 11, X= 30 degrees, a 12-sided POLYGON- a DODECAGON (rare in usage, but common in CRATERS);
I= 12, 13 have NO SOUTIONS!
I= 14, X= 24 degrees CANNOT be distinguished from 25 degrees, unless I improve MEASURING ABILITY.
I= 17, X= 20 degrees, and this 1/18th of a circle is NOT COMMON!
!= 19, X= 18 degrees- 1/20th of a circle, and difficult to distinguish from X=15 degrees, for I irregular;
I= 23, X= 15 degrees- 1/24th of a circle, and the MOST COMMON, to be used as the MAIN REFERENCE, and, I= 35, X= 10 degrees is near the LIMIT of usage with GOOGLE EARTH.

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

Gravitational Influence on the EARTH’S CRUST- both VERTICALLY and Laterally:

Earth is Vertically-ATTRACTED MONTHLY by the MOON- SUN COMBINATION. During FULL MOON, this produces BULGES on OPPOSITE sides of the crust; but during the NEW MOON, the sun and moon combine to produce the largest bulge- towards the sun. This can be treated with TRIGONOMETRY, since the water and land TIDES are simple SINE WAVES. Since the earth’s crust is somewhat BRITTLE-RIGID, there is a LAG between the force and the occurrence of the bulge. There is no need to invoke CENTRIFUGAL FORCE, since it has been observed that when there are no moons (Venus), there is no equatorial bulge, and when there are many moons (Jupiter) the BULGE IS MAXIMUM. The simplest sine wave is:

Bulge HEIGHT = constant C x (sine t), where t = angular rate of change x T, with T in time units. This relation applies whenever the couple either combines (for the maximum) or oppose each other (for a reduced tidal effect). In between, there is a lateral effect, where the Moon attracts the crust from an oblique angle- producing LATERAL LAND TIDES. This influence is more difficult to treat mathematically, but the results can be viewed on GOOGLE EARTH, and made to “FIT” a mathematical equation. Linear "JERKS" are effected, and they may approximate CURVILINEARS in some cases; we start with those which are more RARELY NOTICED:

The first DIFFICULTY relates to the ADJUSTMENTS the crust makes to “SHAPE UP” according to the NET FORCES APPLIED. This results in a POLYGON, with LINEAR SIDES, and which is formed by “JERKS”. The number of SEGMENTS or linear sides is a variable, depending on the size of the polygon and its TILT. It fits the EQUATION:

An INTEGER= (360 degrees - X)/X, e.g. where X = 24 degrees, for integer 14. There occur POLYGONS with at least 36 sides, which I have found on Google Earth: (360- 10)/10= 35, which is probably the largest possible. The integer for this case is 35, which occurs for each 10 degrees of MERIDIANAL LONGITUDE. These MERIDIANS are related to a NATURAL PRIME MERIDIAN- which is NOT the Greenwich Meridian 0. The width of the band is the same, but the REFERENCE is DIFFERENT!

The COMMON POLYGONS found in outcrops are:

4 (vertically-fractured strata), 5 (pentagons), 6 (hexagons), 8 (octagons)- as shown below:

These occur RARELY- being EXHIBITED at the FULCRUM of a BASIN or on the CENTERLINE of a ARCUATE ROTATION (Virgin anticline, near Telegraph Road):

That they are a GRAVITATIONAL LATERAL ADJUSTMENT, forming on a rising feature, is shown for a SLANTED EXHIBIT:

Polygons with more than 8 sides are found in REGIONAL GOOGLE EARTH VIEWS; these are too large to find in outcrops, although I have inferred cases where a half decagon is exhibited:

EXPANDED:

And the INVERSE occurs in GRAVITATIONAL SINKS-CAVES:

The KEY to all this is the SLOPE or TILT of the outcrop; VERTICALLY, there occurs the view all geologists want- the normal fractured 4 sided formations. Sloping at least 30 degrees produces what lies BEHIND- the PENTAGON, and finally for the ridge HEXAGONS or OCTAGONS:

I will SEARCH FOR THESE ON FLAT SURFACES- AT THE TOP OF KNOLLS, KNOBS, and large hills:

LINEAR SEGMENTS are numbered for ease of counting- there usually occur 12-13 for the MOON CYCLE, but 6 are normally dipping DOWNWARD as opposed to 6 RISING, above.

The complete rotation of a POLYGON or CURVILINEAR cannot be found because of an intervening sink or rise (an example is the Honeymoon Spiral at the border of UT and AZ- along the Hurricane Fault, Hf):

Notice the "JERKS" in the VERTICAL SHEAR FACES, as the dead end BOX CANYON is rotated over a period of a few thousand years:

Almost circular features (polygons) are exhibited along coastlines, and for volcanoes they are 24 sided, with an angular separation of 15 degrees. These are so common, that they produce small bays or protrusions for Cape Hatteras and Crater Lake, OR:

RIPPLES found by LIDAR:

Crater Lake, OREGON exhibits 4 large "TITS", but there are several minor ones- developing with passage of time:

These PROTRUSIONS are regularly-formed after the MAIN BLAST- these may be termed RESURGENT DOMES or later FLOWS, but the exhibition shows that the influence of the GRAVITATIONAL ATTRACTION and "twist" continues for many years. Volcanos rotate CCW while RISING, but sink with CW movements- consequently, creating FAULT REVERSAL (such as I have seen at WOODCHUTE, Black Hills, and at the first extrusion north of Sedona, AZ- Parker Mt?). This is not a reverse fault, necessarily, but a REVERSAL of movement along the same slanted FAULT PLANE!

IMPLICATIONS of this finding are significant:

1. Two LINEARS separated by a measured angle allow determination of the number of sides in the polygon: e.g. two 300 km linears separated by 15 degrees rotation indicates a 24 sided figure with an ALMOST-CIRCUMFERENCE of 4500 km. The TIME to develop this large feature is approximately 4500/15 km/m.y.= 300 m.y. The Colorado Plateau, CP, is 800 km wide, and it has formed E-W, with a divisor of 20, yielding approximately 40 m.y. in development (you can check this with the initial VOLCANIC EXTRUSIONS at Llano Quemado, NM- near Taos: 41 m.y. AGE):

The POLYGON does not have EQUI-DISTANT LINEARS over its trace, and you will have to SEARCH for ANGULARLY-SHIFTING linear features:
Capulin Volcano is a TIT" protruding eastward from CP PROPER:

2. Intersection of 2 linears is a zone of DESTRUCTION-DISTURBANCE; this was the case for the VIOLENT QUAKE at Haiti. Finding the INFLECTION or INTERSECTION of 2 linears is a NOTICE or WARNING!

3. Great changes in Temperature T and Stress P are noticed for inflections or LINEAR DEVIATIONS. Mineral deposits, vulcanism, earthquakes, and violence can be ANTICIPATED!

You should now ask "Why have you invested all PREVIOUS EFFORT in CURVILINEARS, and now "launch off" toward jerking linears- which are NOT ARCS?"
I am still trying to determine which is DOMINANT, and suspect that GRAVITATION FROM PLANETARY INFLUENCE operates in yearly or multi-year cycles (such as Jupiter); These are smooth from  the smallest view, but we can never find that view (or at least it takes considerably more effort). The SIMPLEST approach is to find the CURVILINEARS, and then expand these to view the details- which PROBABLY ALWAYS will be seen as "JERKS"! However, look at this SIMPLE SMALL DEVELOPMENT (on a few THOUSAND years SCALE- 8000, more precisely), and you will see a perfectly smooth CURVED BEACH- formed regardless of the trash impeding its progress:

If you are INDOCTRINATED with a culture which says that OCEANOGRAPHY has nothing to do with GEOLOGY, you will ignore this finding; best to investigate how OCEAN TIDES, EARTH TIDES, CIRCULAR LOOP OCEAN CURRENTS, and Meteorology ALL OPERATE under the SAME RULES- VERTICAL and LATERAL GRAVITATIONAL SHEARING MOVEMENTS!

A Decagon is exhibited above (10 SIDES)
Death Valley is an EXCELLENT CASE to study, because you can see SLICKENSIDES in Golden canyon (showing direction of lateral movement), Sand Dunes shaped in an ANALEMMA, Alluvial Fans of a m.y. AGE, and SPLIT EXTRUSIONS along the entrance road:
An iron-oxidized EXTRUSION:

An ALLUVIAL FAN of 1 m.y. AGE: